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Some Basic Facts

What is ODA

Official Development Assistance (ODA) is provided according to the standardised definitions of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development’s (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC). ODA is defined as resource flows to developing countries and multilateral organisations which are provided by official agencies ( ie. U.K. government) or their executive agencies, where each transaction meets the following requirements
It is administered with the promotion of the economic development and welfare of
developing countries as its main objective
It is concessional, including grants and soft loans

What is the ODA:GNI Ratio

This represents the amount of U.K. Development Assistance (ODA)
as a proportion of Gross National Income (GNI)

What does UK 0.7% commitment mean

The ODA:GNI commitment of 0.7% was first agreed internationally in 1970 by the United Nations General Assembly. The U.K. government made a commitment to spend 0.7% of GNI on ODA from 2013. In 2015 the International Development Act placed the U.K.
0.7% commitment into U.K. law from 2015.

What kind of fundings are there

Bilateral ODA
This is earmarked spend. The donor has specified where and/or what the ODA is spent on - this is usually ODA going to specific countries, regions or programmes. There are two types of bilateral ODA. The first is called ‘bilateral through multilateral’. This is earmarked ODA spent through multilateral organisations. For example support to the World Food Programme (WFP) Emergency Operations in Yemen. The second is called ‘other bilateral ‘. This is earmarked ODA spent directly by governments or through other delivery partners such asNon Governmental or Civil Society Organisations, Research Institutes and Universities. For example the delivery of family planning through an NGO in Malawi.
Multilateral Funding by Organisation
These are an essential part of the international system for humanitarian and development ODA. The U.K. works with a wide range of organisations for example to respond to humanitarian need, develop infrastructure, support economic growth or ensure particular diseases are tackled in line with the best evidence. Multilateral organisations offer economies of scale in the operations and expertise and enable individual donor governments such as the U.K. to support development and humanitarian work in a wider range of countries. Examples include the Central Emergency Response Fund, EU Development Budget, the International Development Agency which is part of the World Bank Group.

Summary of National Statistics on International Development Final UK Aid Spend in 2019

The final ODA:GNI ratio was 0.70%
U.K. Official Development Assistance (ODA) was £15,197 million
UK bilateral ODA spend was £10,258 million which is 67.5% of total U.K. ODA.
UK core funding to multilaterals was £4939 million which is 32.5% of total U.K. ODA.
Dfid spent £ 11,107 million of total U.K. ODA.
ODA spent by departments other than Dfid and other contributors of U.K. ODA was £4090 million.
Africa was the largest recipient of U.K. region- specific ODA in 2019
accounting for 50.6% of total spend.
The top three recipients of UK bilateral country specific ODA were
Pakistan, Ethiopia and Afghanistan.
UK ODA to Yemen was £292 million.
The largest amount of bilateral ODA was focussed on humanitarian aid (£1536 million),
Health (£1431 million), and Multi- sector/ Cross -Cutting (£1325million) sectors.

Top 10 Countries receiving aid from UK.

Pakistan £305 million
Ethiopia £300 million
Afghanistan £292 million
Yemen £260 million
Nigeria £238 million
Bangladesh £256 million
Syria £223 million
S.Sudan £207 million
DRC £185 million
Somalia £176 million.